The United States Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) sponsors the Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship Program under policy guidelines established by the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board (FSB) and in cooperation with Binational Fulbright Commissions/Foundations and Public Affairs Sections of U.S. Embassies abroad.
As the administrative and executive arm of the Humphrey Program, the Bureau has fiscal responsibility for the preparation of an annual budget request to Congress. Under policies established by the FSB, ECA also holds primary responsibility for the administration of the Program, together with the assistance of a cooperating non-profit organization.
Within a U.S. Embassy abroad, exchange program activities are the responsibility of a Public Affairs Officer (PAO) or a Cultural Affairs Officer (CAO). At least one of these officers is a member of the local Binational Fulbright Commission/Foundation and liaises with the Commission/Foundation on policy and program matters on behalf of ECA. In countries without a Commission/Foundation, the PAO or CAO administers the educational exchange program.